Authors: Stigsdotter, U. K., Ekholm, O., Schipperijn, J., Toftager, M., Kamper-Jørgensen F. and Randrup, T. B.
Year of publication: 2010
Publication: Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine, 38(4), pp. 411–417.
People in the industrial world live their lives increasingly separated from nature, indoor and physically inactive. Research has shown that urban green spaces are a resource in promoting public health by restoring mental fatigue, serving as a resource to for physical activities and reducing all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Urban environments with some nature elements are associated with lower perceived stress than those without any: human bodies react involuntary to natural elements, helpin concentration and recover from mental fatigue and stress. Stress especially is a severe health problem and is considered a risk factor for premature death.
This study (2010) investigates, whether the availability of green spaces contribute to good self-reported health-related quality of life and stress. Data was collected via interviews and questionnaires including SF-36, which measures eight dimensions of health on the scale of 0–100, and the Perceived Stress Scale. A total on 11,238 subjects completed the study. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between distance to green space and self-perceived stress.
The research found, that:
The study concludes, that there is an association between distance to green space and health and health-related quality of life. There was also a common awareness among the subjects that green spaces may be important in managing stress and play a role as health-promoting environments.
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