Authors: MacKerron, G. and Mourato, S.
Year of publication: 2013
Publication: Environmental Change, 23(5), pp.992-1000.
To study how green environments or nature affect our momentary subjective well-being, researchers from the University of Sussex (2013) developed an innovative data collection tool that gathered over one million responses from more than 20,000 persons. This smartphone application signaled the participants at random moments, presenting a questionnaire while using GPS to determine their location. The study found, that when participants were outdoors in all green or natural environments, they were significantly happier compared to urban environments.
From a scale of 0-100, the happiness of different types of habitats and conditions were compared to urban areas:
The study concluded, that there is a link between nature and subjective well-being and happiness even when a variety of other possible confounders, such as weather, activity, and company, were included to analyses.
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